Solidarité avec nos collègues ukrainiens

L’Ukraine vient de vivre une révolution démocratique que menace aujourd’hui la Russie. Pourquoi la Russie préfère-t-elle à ses portes une dictature ubuesque, prédatrice, qui ne rapportait rien à personne, pas même à la Russie, sauf à un clan familial, plutôt qu’une démocratie normale, une économie normale (et dotée d’atouts importants, de l’agriculture à l’aréonautique) qui lui procureraient des ressources et une porte ouverte sur l’Europe? C’est en dernière instance incompréhensible, bien que ce soit une attitude  constante de la Russie post-sovétique. La cause ukrainienne, qui m’importe vous l’aurez compris, et est au centre de mes travaux en cours, a aujourd’hui sa place sur ce blog: je voudrais en effet relayer ici un appel  à la communauté académique internationale de collègues de l’université de Kharkiv.

Ce texte se passe de commentaire. Je voudrais simplement souligner que Kharkiv, la deuxième ville d’Ukraine, souvent présentée comme la capitale de l’est « russophone » de l’Ukraine (comme si russophone voulait dire pro soviétique, pardon, pro-russe, alors que tout le pays est peu ou prou bilingue et qu’on entend aussi  souvent le russe que l’ukrainien sur la place Maidan à KIev) est une grande ville universitaire, forte d’une tradition ancienne, rappelée dans cet appel, et d’une excellence reconnue dans de nombreux domaines. Ce que nous disent nos collègues mérite donc notre attention.

(pardon de publier le texte en anglais, l’urgence prime aujourd’hui sur le délai de traduction).

APPEL CONCERNANT LES DERNIERS ÉVÉNEMENTS À KHARKIV ET EN UKRAINE

Шановні друзі,
надсилаю Вам текст відозви Харківського історико-філологічного товариства до світової інтелектуальної спільноти англійською мовою для поширення серед Ваших контактів.

Сергій Вакуленко

Chers amis,Je vous envoie l’appel adressé à la communauté intellectuelle du mondiale par la Société de Philologie et d’Histoire de Kharkiv. Merci de le faire circuler autour de vous.

Serhii Vakulenko

To all scholars of the world, learned societies,
university staff, men of letters and arts

The Kharkiv Historico-Philological Society, founded in 1886 by the leading professors of the University of Kharkiv, addresses the following message to the scholarly community of the world.

On the 1st of March 2014, a violent clash was staged in Kharkiv between the supporters of Ukraine’s European integration and the so-called ralliers “for stability and restoration of order”. The supporters of the Maidan for Europe, numbering a little over 100, most of them university freshmen, were peacefully located in the premises of the Provincial Administration to which they had been invited on the 23rd of February by the Deputy Governor Vasyl Khoma. They were demanding the appointment of a new Governor instead of the deeply compromised Mykhailo Dobkin, a long-time henchman of the ousted President Yanukovych.

That same Dobkin, together with his accomplice Hennadii Kernes, the Mayor of Kharkiv (a former criminal convict, backed by Yanukovych’s Party of Ukraine’s Regions) orchestrated a pro-Russian rally to which about two thousand participants from the nearby Russian city of Belgorod were brought across the border. To avoid any clashes, the Co-ordinative Council of the Maidan for Europe cancelled its own rally, previously summoned at the same time and place. After the end of the pro-Russian rally a large group of well-trained fighters, armed with bats, compliance weapons and tear-gas attacked the building of the Provincial Administration and severely beat its defenders, throwing them afterwards in the midst of the enraged pro-Russian (and largely imported from Russia) crowd striking and kicking them. The police, corrupted by the Mayor Kernes, did not intervene.

Among the injured defenders of the Provincial Administration were Serhii Zhadan, a writer of international renown, and one of the members of our Society Valerii Romanovskyi, PhD, Assistant Professor in the Ukrainian Academy of Culture in Kharkiv.

Russian official propaganda and media try to portray the supporters of democracy and freedom in Ukraine as nationalist nazi-like radicals and extremists that menace the existence of the Russian-speaking community. This Goebbelsian rhetoric has nothing to do with the Ukrainian reality. The nazi tendencies can rather be observed on the other side. Suffice it to say that the person who put the Russian flag on the top of the building of Provincial Administration of the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv, Mika Ronkainen, is a Russian citizen and a Moscow dweller, exhibiting his overt admiration for Adolf Hitler on the web.

There is sufficient evidence to affirm that this was a part of the aggression against Ukraine which is now carried out on the order of the Russian President Vladimir Putin.
In this connection, we confidently declare that the pretext of defending the rights of Russian-speaking population in Ukraine, used by the Russian propaganda, is a pure invention. The Russian language has always been freely used in the Ukrainian media, schools and universities, and everyday life. Ukraine has one of the best legislations in the world ensuring the rights of ethnic minorities, including state-run schools using not only Russian, but also Crimean Tatar, Hungarian, Polish, Rumanian as languages of education. In many areas, including Kharkiv, it is the Ukrainian language that indeed needs protection and support.

The attempts to play the ethnic and linguistic card in order to destabilize the situation in Ukraine come from abroad. During the 22 years of independence, Ukraine has learnt to handle its ethnic and linguistic problems in a responsible way. Unlike many other post-Soviet states, it has never had conflicts on ethnic grounds. In case of need, we solve all our problems by means of open discussion resulting in a viable compromise. No intervention from outside is necessary.

We launch an appeal to the world scholarly community to help promulgate truthful information concerning the real state of affairs in Ukraine. Those of you who can address the general public through all kinds of media, please do it as soon as possible. The disinformation campaign engineered by the Kremlin must be thwarted. We want the world to know the truth. The savage rampage, inspired from Russia, that took place in Kharkiv last Saturday is part of it.

On behalf of the whole Society

President                                                                    Professor Ihor Mykhailyn, PhD, DLitt.

Permanent Secretary                                          Assistant Professor Serhii Vakulenko, PhD

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